Cover and Meran (2013) Watchdogs? The quality of legislative oversight of defence in 82 countries

Transparency International UK’s Defence and Security Programme (TI-DSP) published the first ever Government Defence Anti- Corruption Index (GI)in January 2013, available at This made available an extensive and unprecedented analysis of corruption risk in the defence and security sector in 82 countries around the world. Building on TI-DSP’s work with governments, defence companies, armed forces, civil society, and policy-makers, the Index provides original research by knowledgeable country assessors. It quantifies corruption risks in five key areas: political, financial, personnel, operations and procurement. The GI analysis finds that 70 per cent of countries leave the door open to waste and threats to security as they lack the tools to prevent corruption in the defence and security sector. Parliaments and legislatures play a key role in the battle to prevent this risk. They can do this by legislating for laws to prevent it, putting issues of corruption in defence at the level of national debate, and exercising powers of oversight. This report —the first one to take an in-depth look at the results of the GI—examines how effectively they do this. It aims to better understand the strengths and weaknesses of legislative institutions in controlling corruption in the defence and security sector, and to provide clear guidelines on how parliaments and legislatures can do better. There are 19 questions in the Index which assess legislative capacity to stem corruption risk in defence and security. The answers to these questions are analysed in this report.


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