Step 4 – Gain from transnational initiatives

Add to reading list


USING THIS GUIDANCE

This is a short section, because most of the guidance on transnational initiatives is in the individual sector reviews. In here is a summary of the sector initiatives and a summary of the multilateral initiatives which may also be able to help you with specific sectors.

AUTHORS AND CONTRIBUTORS

This guidance has been written by Mark Pyman, managing editor of CurbingCorruption.

Summary of STEP 4

Review what international efforts are active in tackling corruption in your sector. They may be sources of knowledge, ideas, support and assistance in the development of your initiative. Sector-specific organisations include:

  • professional sector associations (many have an ‘anti-corruption working group’ or similar forum);
  • Initiatives and programmes targeted on building integrity, raising transparency and reducing corruption in the sector; and
  • Multilateral organisations associated with the sector (eg World Health Organisation). They too may have anti-corruption knowledge and capability.

Non-sector-specific organisations also have sector knowledge. These include:

  • Multilateral economic organisations such as World Economic Forum, IMF and OECD;
  • Among multi-laterals, OECD has a major focus on public integrity and anti-corruption.
  • There are multiple stand-alone initiatives focused on issues such as beneficial ownership transparency, or access to information.
  • Multilateral development organisations, like the World Bank, UNDP and U4, can hold valuable sector knowledge and expertise, whether or not you are based in a developing country.

Introduction

There are two big extra advantages to working by sector. First, sector knowledge is not confined within national boundaries, and you can access this expertise all over the world. Second, people within a profession are usually very willing to share their knowledge for the benefit of others in the profession, and we have found that this is certainly the case in helping others with their anti-corruption efforts.

So, we advise you to review what international sector efforts are active in tackling corruption in your sector. The information that we have is presented largely  in the sector reviews, but a summary of the information is given below.

4.1 Sectoral anti-corruption initiatives

At the sector-level, the first transnational initiative was in the extractives sector – oil/gas and mining. In the late 1990s civil society, governments and some international companies were striving to find ways to reduce the levels of corruption in the oil and mining sectors. Originally this was expected to evolve into a corporate social responsibility standard for companies, but instead it evolved into a disclosure standard implemented by companies. This is now well established as the ‘Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative’, or EITI, with 51 implementing countries as at September 2018. The Netherlands is the most recent country to join (on June 28, 2018).

The table below summarises the current range of sector-specific anti-corruption initiatives. Let us know if you know of others that are also active and useful.

Sector Name of initiative Practical action
Construction Global Infrastructure Anti-Corruption Centre (GIACC)

CoST Infrastructure Transparency Initiative (CoST)

UK-based centre, contact them via the website here.

Application for membership

CoST@constructiontransparency.org

Defence Transparency International Defence and Security info@ti-defence.org
Education IIEP-UNESCO

Education for Justice (UNODC)

m.poisson@iiep.unesco.org

 

Fisheries Fisheries Industries Transparency Initiative (FiTI) info@fisheriestransparency.org
Health Boston University School of Public Health

Transparency International Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Programme (TI-PHP)

Professor Taryn Vian

info@ti-health.org

Judiciary Judicial Integrity Group nihaljayawickrama@hotmail.com
Mining, Oil & Gas Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) secretariat@eiti.org
Police services DCAF info@dcaf.ch
Prisons service None
Procurement Open Contracting Partnership engage@open-contracting.org
Shipping Marine Anti-Corruption network (MACN) Use this form to contact MACN
Sub-National Government Council of Europe: Centre of Expertise for Local Government Reform

The Open Government Partnership (OGP)’s ‘Local’ programme

UN Habitat, the UN organisation for a better urban future

Use this form to contact CofE

No given contact point

 

No given contact point

 

Water Water Integrity Network (WIN) Launched in 2006,Strategy 2017-2022 Use this form to contact WIN

 

Each sector review gives more detail and details of other supportive organisations and initiatives in the sector.

4.2 Non-sectoral multilateral anti-corruption initiatives

The first wave of transnational anti-corruption initiatives was in the 1990s, when UNCaC and the OECD Convention were being developed. UNODC, who provide technical assistance in various corruption-related thematic areas for UNCaC (see here) and OECD have been joined by other international organisations such as the World Bank, the European Commission and more specialist groups such as the Financial Action task Force (FATF) on money laundering and the Group of States against Corruption set up by the Council of Europe (GRECO), monitoring compliance with anti-corruption standards.

More recently, initiatives such as promoting stolen asset recovery (e.g. see here), making beneficial ownership transparent (e.g. see here), the Open Government Partnership ( OGP) and the Open Contracting Partnership (OCP) have attracted diverse groupings of nations in supportive partnerships.

The table below gives more details, plus an overview of the utility of each one, plus access these bodies. You can also find an overview of these bodies here, plus more on regional initiatives from bodies such as IADB, OAS, AU, etc.

  Formal name    Practical action body   Comment/contact
United Nations Convention against Corruption.

Implementation Peer Review Mechanism

UNODC Corruption and Economic Crime branch (CEB) within the Division for Treaty Affairs (DTA), Vienna. See here. UNODC has a lot of knowledge on anti-corruption, including on some sector issues such as medicines, drugs, firearms, shipping and wildlife.
UN Global Compact.  (10th principle: Business should work against corruption in all its forms, including bribery and extortion.) Global Compact Office, based in New York. See here. Not aware of any sector initiatives by Global Compact.
OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

OECD Public Integrity Division

1. OECD Working Group on Bribery in International Business Transactions. Paris. See here.

2. Public Sector Integrity Division, OECD, Paris. See here.

OECD is very active on integrity and anti-corruption, publishing analyses of many countries. However, they are currently doing little on sector corruption.
World Bank

WB Anti-Corruption Strategy

WB Anti-corruption expertise

World Bank a-c strategy. See here

Integrity Vice Presidency, Washington DC. See here.

Governance Global Practice. See here.

Anti-corruption Thematic Group. See here.

World Bank has considerable expertise on anti-corruption. However you often see it not discussed at all at country or sector level.
G7, G20, B20 and C20

G20 Anti-Corruption Working Group

There is no secretariat of these groups as the leadership and location changes annually.

Latest G20 ACWG is led by Argentina. See here.

See the ACWG reports listed here.

B20/C20: A statement on state owned enterprises
EU, EU Anti-Corruption policy  (not completed)
UNDP

UNDP Global Anti-corruption Initiative (GAIN) 2014-2017

UNDP country offices

here

UNDP has been prominent in anti-corruption efforts in the past. But there is no sector specialisation that we are aware of.
Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative (STAR), which is an initiative of the World Bank and UNODC BSTAR Secretariat is in the World Bank, Washington DC, See here.
Global Financial Integrity Global Financial Integrity gfi@gfintegrity.org
Open Government Partnership  Open Government Partnership  Broad scope, very active on many fronts. No contact point given
Open Contracting Partnership Open Contracting Partnership engage@open-contracting.org
Financial Action task Force FATF No contact point given

 

 

 

 

 

 


Contribute your experience. Connect with us on Twitter

Connect with us on LinkedIn

Send the Editor an email