Add to reading list
November 27, 2019 – Legal services reform
Argentinian lawyer Sofia Tirini argues in this blog that clients of law firms should require their law firms to have robust compliance programmes. And in a longer article, published on the ‘Legal Service Sector’ page of CurbingCorruption, here, she proposes seven further measures to strengthen the profession.
October 31, 2019 – Police reform
A blog from Matthew Gardner, who previously served as the Head of Anti-Corruption at New Scotland Yard, Metropolitan Police, and who is currently covers police-related issues for CurbingCorruption.Com . Four reform measures are discussed:
- Suppressing police corruption requires an effective internal police command—a division that at the Met we call the Professional Standards Department (PSD), and that is often called the Internal Affairs Department (IAD) in other countries. Minimum effective staff level is at about 1% of the number of serving police officers
- Rigorous external and internal oversight of the police is essential. In the UK, external oversight of the police is required by legislation, which established 1) the Independent Office for Police Complaints, and, 2) The “Appropriate Authority” (AA) function within the police. This AA role, critical to the independence and credibility of the anticorruption effort, is performed by a senior police officer of Chief Inspector rank or above.
- In-depth peer review and feedback from other countries play a crucial role in improving police integrity systems. In Europe, the most relevant framework is the GRECO process. The current fifth round of the GRECO peer review process, launched in March 2017, is usefully focused on law enforcement agencies.
- Above all, the way forward in the fight against police corruption involves preventative “integrity testing” of officers. The Met uses a range of techniques to test the ethics and values of the police officers—from “mystery shoppers” to random drug tests—and the Met is developing mechanisms to randomly test inappropriate use of IT systems and the sale of police data.
October 2019: New directions in anti-corruption
A talk by Mark Pyman at the 8th Anti-Money Laundering Conference, London Oct 18th 2019.
August 2019 – Corruption reform in Electricity & Power
We are starting our analysis of corruption reform in the electricity and power sector. This is a major sector, with significant corruption issues in both developed and developing countries.
‘Usain Bolt’ meters: Reform successes in the electricity sector can be quick, but only the failures get reported
A very interesting, original analysis of the dramatic progress in electricity supply in Ghana and Kenya. The author, Dr Festus Boamah, finds that there were numerous improvements in the way electricity programmes were rolled out, leading both to better access and to reduced abuse through corruption. Successful reforms included many ‘problem-solving’ measures, such as the frequent monitoring of electricity infrastructure, introduction of pre-paid metering systems, improved revenue collection/tariff payment mechanisms, establishment of legal frameworks to punish criminals involved in power thefts, effective oversight roles of civil society organisations and vibrant media engagement in the procurement of electricity infrastructure.
Read his full paper here:
New perspectives on electricity reform in the electricity sectors of Kenya and Ghana
Author: Dr Festus Boamah, University of Bayreuth, Germany
July 2019 – Companies addressing corruption problems directly, not as risk mitigation
If you Google “corruption,” you get 344 million hits. A large number, yes, but dwarfed by “change management” with 4.1 billion hits.
This huge volume of advice is a reminder that changing corporate behavior is hard to do. Yet within the anti-corruption, compliance and legal communities, guidance on how to change the behavior of organizations continues to be narrated simplistically, through such tropes as “tone from the top”. Cultures are more effectively changed by business leaders and regulators who believe that better business comes from actually reducing the corruption in their sector, not just by limiting their exposure to it.
Every now and again we see great examples of this. This blog describes three examples
June 2019 – Local Government reform – Myanmar
An original analysis by Heesu Chung of how Myanmar has advanced from second to bottom in the CPI in 2010 to 132nd out of 180 in 2018 through incremental systems change
In 2008, 14 state/region governments with legislative and administrative responsibilities were created.
Three mechanisms have been established for public participation in the subnational governance system: Members of Parliament have been set up to be locally elected; Township Management Committees (TMCs) and Township Development Affairs Committees (TDACs) were established with some community representation. In 2012, Ward/Village Tract Administrators were made to be directly elected by community members through a system of voting for household leaders.
Survey results – below – show significant variations in corruption between Myanmar urban regions. So far there is no obvious explanation for the differences.
The paper describes functional reforms in local administrations like one-stop shops, people-centred reforms like community monitoring by civil society, transparency reforms like citizens budgets, and strengthening media networks. Read the full article here:
Myanmar: Case study of local government corruption reform
Research and field work exploring local government corruption reform in Myanmar, by Heesu Chung. At the time of the research, the author was a graduate student at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, USA. She is now employed by the Asia Foundation in their San Francisco office.
May 2019 – Broad anti-corruption strategies are too ambitious in conflict zones
My experience in Afghanistan suggests that anti-corruption strategies need to be tailored to the specific enablers and drivers of each particular sector.
New blog on Ministry anti-corruption plans in Afghanistan. in the series ‘Corruption in fragile states’ at the Henry J. Leir Institute, Fletcher School of Diplomacy, Tufts University, USA.
April 2019 – The logic of sector-specific corruption reform
Presentation by Mark Pyman to the World Bank and several of their ‘Communities of Practice’ on tackling corruption using sector-specific approaches.
Mark Pyman: Sectors as the primary locus for corruption reform. April 2019
A slide talk by Mark Pyman, detailing the purpose and benefits of tackling corruption sector by sector. This talk was given in April 2019 to Ghanaian civil society in Accra, to Communities of Practice within the World Bank, and to an open audience at the Open Gov Hub in Washington DC.