The final part of developing an effective Anti-Corruption strategy is to lay out a range of Actionable Reform Approaches. Actionable means that we exclude approaches that are impossible, theoretical or simply a statement of desire, and concentrate on feasible ways forward. For example:
‘In societies that have widespread rule violations, high-impact anti-corruption is only likely to be feasible if the overall strategy succeeds in aligning the interests and capabilities of powerful organizations at the sectoral level to support the enforcement of particular sets of rules.’ From Khan et al. (2016, 1).
Generic statements such as ‘ensuring agents hold principals to account’ or ‘more political will is required‘ are not actionable. These statements may reflect genuinely held desires, but they are not actionable. Instead we work through political and tactical possibilities, then specific reform measures, then ways to choose amongst the options that are generated.
1. Options for feasible Political and tactical approaches
Eight generic approaches to start from. Click here
2. Options for Specific reform measures
Eight types of measures with 70 specific measures. Click here
3. Choose & discard among the options
Eight lenses to frame your options. Click here